2003-2004 Essay Contest


Magazine Articles

Allen, Jodie T. "The Politics of Poverty." U.S. News and World Report, November 1, 1999.

Baldwin, William. "The Gini is out of the bottle." Forbes Magazine, March 17, 2003.

Boshara, Ray. "Poverty is More Than a Matter of Income." New York Times-Late Edition, September 29, 2002.

Boshara, Ray and Michael Sherraden. "For Every Child, A Stake in America." New York Times, July 23, 2003.

Brimelow, Peter. "Unequal? Unfair?" Forbes Magazine, April 17, 2000.

Buchanan, Mark. "The Science of Inequality." New Statesman, September 2, 2002.

Burtless, Gary. "Growing American Inequality." Brookings Review, Winter 1999.

Clement, Douglas. "Accounting for the Rich." The Region, June 2003.

Clement, Douglas. "Beyond "Rich" and "Poor"." The Region, June 2003.

Collins, Chuck. "Divided decade: economic disparity at the century's turn." United For a Fair Economy, December 15, 1999.

"Convergence, period." The Economist, July 18, 2002.

Cooper, Mary H. "Income Inequality: Are Poor Americans Falling Further Behind?" CQ Researcher, April 17, 1998.

Daly, Mary C. and Robert G. Vallotta. "Inequality and Poverty in the United States: the effects of changing family behavior and rising wage dispersion." Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, 2000.

Danziger, Sheldon and Deborah Reed. "Winners and Losers: The Era of Inequality Continues." Brookings Review, Fall 1999.

Dimensions of Inequality: Facts on the U.S. Distributions of earnings, income, and wealth. By Javier Diaz-Gimenez and others, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Quarterly Review 21: 3-18 Spring 1997.

"Does Inequality Matter?" The Economist, June16, 2001.

Doyle, Roger. "Income Inequality in the U.S." Scientific American, June 1999.

Friedman, David. "The Jackpot Economy: Widening Wage Inequality is Not Just a Function of a Better Education or Great Technological Skill. Dumb Luck May be Even More Important." The Los Angeles Times,
May 9, 1999.

Galbraith, James K. "A Perfect Crime: Inequality in the Age of Globalization." Daedalus, Winter 2002.

Grunewald, Rob and Art Rolnick. "Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return." fedgazette,
March 2003.

Hassett, Kevin A. "Rich Man, Poor Man." National Review,
June 16, 2003.

Holloway, Nigel. "In Praise of Inequality." Forbes Magazine,
March 17, 2003.

Jencks, Christopher. "Does Inequality Matter?" Daedalus, Winter 2002.

Lardner, James. "The Rich Get Richer: What Happens to American Society When the Gap in Wealth and Income Grows Larger? U.S. News and World Report, February 21, 2000.

Levy, Frank. "Growth is Not Enough." The Washington Monthly,
April 1999.

Koretz, Gene. "Not Enough is Trickling Down." Business Week,
January 31, 2000.

Koretz, Gene. "Surprise-The Rich Get Richer." Business Week,
June 19, 2000.

Mandel, Michael J. "The Rich Get Richer, and That’s O.K." Business Week, August 26, 2002.

Marshall, Ray. "Restoring Broadly Shared PROSPERITY." USA Today Magazine, May 2000.

Merrick, Bill. "The Haves and the Have-Nots." Credit Union Magazine, May 1997.

Moore, Stephen. "The Haves and Have-Lesses." National Review, March 6, 2000.

Murphy, Cait. "Are The Rich Cleaning Up?." Fortune Magazine, September 4, 2000.

"Poor, but not deprived." The Economist, October 3, 1998.

"Profits Over People." The Economist, September 29, 2001.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. "A Rich Nation, a Poor Continent." New York Times, July 9, 2003.

Sawhill, Isabel V. "Still the Land of Opportunity?" Public Interest,
Spring 1999.

Shapiro, Ian. "Why the Poor Don’t Soak the Rich." Daedalus,
Winter 2002.

"Simulating the Century." The Economist, January 8, 2000.

Spiers, Joseph. "Why the Income Gap Won’t Go Away." Fortune Magazine, December 11, 1995.

"Unequal incomes, unequal outcomes? Economic inequality and measures of well-being: proceedings of a conference sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 7, 1999." Federal Reserve Bank of New York Economic Policy Review, September 1999.

"Up we (almost) all go." The Economist, October 9, 1999.

Weicher, John C. "Increasing Inequality of Wealth?" Public Interest, Winter 1997.

Whitman, David. "The Poor Aren’t Poorer." U.S. News and World Report, July 25, 1994.

"Chasing the Dream: Why Don’t Rising Incomes Make Everybody Happier?" The Economist, August 9, 2003

"Winners and Losers." The Economist, April 28, 2001.

Wirtz, Ronald A. "Anti-Poverty Design: The Cash-Out Option."
The Region, June 2003.

Wright, Robert. "Who’s Really to Blame?" Time, November 6, 1995

Zuckerman, Mortimer B. "A Nation Divided." U.S. News and World Report, October 18, 1999.

Working Papers

Feldstein, Martin. "Income Inequality and Poverty." National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. w6770, October 1998.

Freeman, Richard B. "The Rising Tide Lifts…?" National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. w8155, March 2001.

Janeba, Eckhard. "Trade, Income Inequality, and Government Policies: Redistribution of Income or Education Subsidies?" National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. w7485, January 2000.

Kleymarket, Anders et al. "Wealth Dynamics in the 1980s and 1990s: Sweden and the U.S." Uppsala University Department of Economics Working Paper, November, 2000.

O’Rourke, Kevin H. "Globalization and Inequality: Historical Trends." National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. w8339,
June 2001.


Braun, Dennis Duane. The Rich Get Richer: The Rise of Income Inequality in the United States and the World. Chicago: Nelson-Hall Publishers, 1991.

Collins, Chuck. Economic Apartheid in America: A Primer on Economic Inequality and Insecurity. New York: New Press, 2000.

Collins, Chuck et al. Shifting Fortunes: The Perils of the Growing American Wealth Gap. Boston: United For a Fair Economy, 1999.

Freeman, Richard B. The New Inequality: Creating Solutions for Poor America. Boston : Beacon Press, 1999.

Freeman, Richard B. When Earnings Diverge: Causes, Consequences, and Cures For the New Inequality in the U.S. National Policy Association Committee on New American Realities, 1997.

Goff, Brian L. Spoiled Rotten: Affluence, Anxiety, and Social Decay in America. Boulder: Westview Press, 1999

Johnson, Nicholas. A Hand Up: How State Earned Income Tax Credits Help Working Families Escape Poverty. Washington, D.C.: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, 1999.

Keister, Lisa. Wealth in America: Trends in Wealth Inequality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Madden, Janice F. Changes in Income Inequality Within U.S. Metropolitan Areas. W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2000.

Oxley, Howard et al. Income Distribution and Poverty in 13 OECD Countries. OECD Economic Studies, 1999.

Poverty and Inequality, Craig Donnellan, ed., Cambridge: Independence Educational Publishers, 2000.

Poverty and Prosperity in the USA in the Late Twentieth Century. Papadimitriou, Dimitri B. and Edward N. Wolff, eds., Macmillan Publishers Ltd. and St. Martin’s Press, Inc., 1993.

Society at a Glance: OECD Social Indicators 2001 Edition. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2001.

Wolff, Edward N. Top Heavy: A Study of the Increasing Inequality of Wealth in America. New York: Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1995.

Web Sites

Census Bureau
Provides various statistics for the United States including poverty and income.

Economic Policy Institute
The EPI is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that conducts economic research, and makes policy suggestions. Includes information on poverty and inequality.

International Monetary Fund

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers
The IMF is an international organization that attempts to foster monetary cooperation between countries, promote economic growth and provide countries with financial assistance. Site includes papers on poverty and links to other sites.

World Bank

The World Bank is a United Nations agency that provides development assistance to the poorest countries and individuals in the world. Site includes information on poverty levels around the world, how poverty is measured and other statistics.


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