fedgazette

Indian Casino Revenue and Economic Change

Table: Ninth District American Indian Reservations

Published March 1, 2003  |  March 2003 issue

  Little or No Casino Revenue Low Revenue per Capita Medium Revenue per Capita High Revenue per Capita
Number of Reservations
4
13
13
12
Percent Change in Population (1990-2000)
18
11
40
203
Per Capita Personal Income (1999)
$9,691
$9,609
$11,398
$20,442
Percent Change in Per Capita Personal Income
(1989-1999)*
19
18
30
153
Percent Change in Median Household Income (1989-1999)*
18
20
26
173
Change in Unemployment Rate (1990-2000)**
-1.8
-3.4
-6.9
-9.4
Change in Overall Poverty Rate
(1989-1999)**
-7.5
-6.5
-9.8
-17.0

District Counties with an American Indian Reservation

  Little or No Casino Revenue Low Revenue per Capita Medium Revenue per Capita High Revenue per Capita
Number of Counties
10
34
22
16
Percent Change in Population (1990-2000)
11
2
6
12
Per Capita Personal Income (2000)
$17,368
$20,352
$22,180
$22,671
Percent Change in Per Capita Personal Income (1990-2000)*
4
19
16
17
Change in Unemployment Rate (1990-2000)**
-0.6
-1.8
-1.5
-2.5
Number of Property Crimes per 100,000 persons (2000)***
1,263
1,980
2,294
2,426
Percent Change in Property Crime Rate (1990-2000)***
22
0.3
-16.3
-19.9

All District Counties

Number of Counties
303
Percent Change in Population (1990-2000)
3
Per Capita Personal Income (2000)
$23,022
Percent Change in Per Capita Personal Income(1990-2000)*
16
Change in Unemployment Rate (1990-2000)**
-1.0
Number of Property Crimes per 100,000 persons (2000)***
1,887
Percent Change in Property Crime Rate (1990-2000)***
-10.6

*    Adjusted for inflation

**  Percentage point change, not percent change

*** Property crime includes burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft and arson.

Notes:
Casino revenue is estimated as of 1998.

Not all people living in Indian Reservations are tribal members and not all tribal
members live on their reservations.

Calculations use a simple average, that is, the sum of variables in each county divided by the total number of counties. Counties are not weighted by population or other variable.

Sources:
U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis,
U.S. Department of Justice; Casino revenue estimates derived from
"The Economic Impact of Indian Casino Gaming," M. Evans, 1999.

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