Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis | October 23-24, 2018 | Minneapolis, Minnesota

Innovation in Early Childhood Development and K-12 Education



High-quality early childhood development and K-12 education have the promise to impact societal and economic issues facing the country, such as workforce development and income and wealth inequities. Furthermore, a highly skilled and educated workforce supports employment and economic growth. This conference highlights innovations in early childhood development programs and K-12 schools. Common themes in innovation include parent engagement, program flexibility, and accountability for student outcomes.

Sponsored by the Opportunity and Inclusive Growth Institute and the Community Development Department.

Speaker Biographies: Day One | Day Two

Day 1: Early Childhood Development

Fifteen years ago the Minneapolis Fed published Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return by Art Rolnick and Rob Grunewald. The paper placed a spotlight on the economic return from investing in young children and families. Over the past 15 years, gains have been made on behalf of children and families in a number of areas with better access to home visiting, early learning, and health programs. However, despite progress there is a long road ahead as millions of disadvantaged children are not reached. What do the next 15 years hold in terms of fully accruing the return on investment available from investments in young children? Part of the answer is more resources, but another part is how to use innovative approaches to more effectively employ available resources.
Opening Remarks and Lessons from the Marshmallow Test [Video]
Neel Kashkari, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Stephanie Carlson, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota
Presentation [pdf]
Community Engagement to Support Children’s Brain Development [Video]
Judy Cameron, University of Pittsburgh
Presentation [pdf]
Panel Discussion: Engaging Parents [Video]
Moderator: Andre Dukes, Northside Achievement Zone
  • Judy Cameron, University of Pittsburgh
  • Scott McConnell, Center for Early Education & Development, University of Minnesota
  • Mina Thao, Way to Grow
Panel Discussion: Early Childhood Development in Minnesota: Looking Back and Looking Forward [Video]
Moderator: Elizabeth Shockman, Minnesota Public Radio
  • Mary Brainerd, Retired President and CEO of HealthPartners
  • Hue Nguyen, Assistant Commissioner, Minnesota Department of Education
  • Art Rolnick, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota
Early Learning Program Characteristics and Child Outcomes [Video]
Moderator: Sheila Williams Ridge, Shirley G. Moore Lab School, University of Minnesota
Policies to Improve Quality in Early Care and Education Markets [Video]
Moderator: Ben Horowitz, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Day 2: K-12 Education, Choice and Accountability

Parent choice can empower families to be involved in their children’s education by creating a flexible and competitive environment among different types of schools. As the birth place of charter schools, Minnesota is a prime example of offering parent choice through open enrollment across school districts, and magnet schools within districts.

K-12 education systems that provide parent choice work best when accountability systems provide parents information about school quality and implement controls regarding program effectiveness. Day 2 explores how parent choice and accountability in K-12 have worked in different parts of the country.

Q&A Session: Schools Choice and Accountability Policies in Minnesota [Video]
Brenda Cassellius, Minnesota Department of Education
Neel Kashkari, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Can Successful Schools Replicate? Scaling Up Boston’s Charter School Sector [Video]
Sarah Cohodes, Columbia University
Presentation [pdf]
What Explains Vietnam’s Exceptional Performance in Education Relative to Other Countries? Analysis of the 2012 and 2015 PISA Data [Video]
Paul Glewwe, University of Minnesota
Presentation [pdf]
Empowering Parents and Students [Video]
Moderator: Ben Whitney, Great MN Schools
  • Ben Austin, Kids Coalition
Lunch Keynote: School Choice & Accountability in Practice [Video]
Moderator: Anusha Nath, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
  • Kara Arzamendia, Saint Paul Public Schools
  • Carrie Bakken, Avalon Charter School
  • John Gawarecki, Math and Science Academy
  • Colette Owens, Hiawatha Academies
Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals [Video]
Steven Rivkin, University of Illinois at Chicago
Presentation [pdf]
Two Fundamental Components of Teacher Value-Added [Video]
Hugh Macartney, Duke University
The Effect of Private High School Entry On Stratification and Educational Achievement in India [Video]
Dennis Epple, Carnegie Mellon University
School Effectiveness in Chicago and NYC: Regression Discontinuity Design Meets Market Design
Yusuke Narita, Yale University