Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis | October 23-24, 2018 | Minneapolis, Minnesota

Innovation in Early Childhood Development and K-12 Education

High-quality early childhood development and K-12 education have the promise to impact societal and economic issues facing the country, such as workforce development and income and wealth inequities. Furthermore, a highly skilled and educated workforce supports employment and economic growth. This conference will highlight innovations in early childhood development programs and K-12 schools. Common themes in innovation include parent engagement, program flexibility, and accountability for student outcomes.

Sponsored by the Opportunity and Inclusive Growth Institute and the Community Development Department.

Please direct questions about the conference to mplsinstitute@mpls.frb.org.


Day 1: Early Childhood Development

Fifteen years ago the Minneapolis Fed published Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return by Art Rolnick and Rob Grunewald. The paper placed a spotlight on the economic return from investing in young children and families. Over the past 15 years, gains have been made on behalf of children and families in a number of areas with better access to home visiting, early learning, and health programs. However, despite progress there is a long road ahead as millions of disadvantaged children are not reached. What do the next 15 years hold in terms of fully accruing the return on investment available from investments in young children? Part of the answer is more resources, but another part is how to use innovative approaches to more effectively employ available resources.
8:00 am - 8:30 am
Continental Breakfast
8:30 am – 8:45 am
Opening remarks/Welcome
Neel Kashkari, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
8:45 am – 9:30 am
Lessons from the Marshmallow Test
Stephanie Carlson, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota
9:30 am – 10:15 am
Community Engagement to Support Children’s Brain Development
Judy Cameron, University of Pittsburgh
10:15 am - 10:30 am
10:30 am – 11:30 am
Panel Discussion: Engaging Parents
Moderator: Andre Dukes, Northside Achievement Zone
  • Judy Cameron, University of Pittsburgh
  • Scott McConnell, Center for Early Education & Development, University of Minnesota
  • Mina Thao, Way to Grow
11:30 am - 12:15 pm
12:15pm – 1:15 pm
Panel Discussion/Lunch Discussion: Early Childhood Development in Minnesota: Looking Back and Looking Forward
Moderator: Elizabeth Shockman, Minnesota Public Radio
  • Mary Brainerd, Retired President and CEO of HealthPartners
  • Hue Nguyen, Assistant Commissioner, Minnesota Department of Education
  • Art Rolnick, Humphrey School of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota
1:30 pm – 3:00 pm
Early Learning Program Characteristics and Child Outcomes
Moderator: Sheila Williams Ridge, Shirley G. Moore Lab School, University of Minnesota
  • Dale Farran, Peabody Research Institute, Vanderbilt University
  • Katherine Magnuson, University of Wisconsin
3:00 pm – 3:15 pm
3:15 pm – 4:45 pm
Policies to Improve Quality in Early Care and Education Markets
Moderator: Ben Horowitz, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
  • Chris Herbst, Arizona State University
  • Aaron Sojourner, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota
4:45 pm
5:15 pm
Brief program: Healthy Children, Healthy Nations: Charting Pathways on Early Childhood Development and Nutrition for Minnesota’s Native Children
  • Barb Fabre, Indigenous Visioning
  • Rob Grunewald, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Day 2: K-12 Education, Choice and Accountability

Parent choice can empower families to be involved in their children’s education by creating a flexible and competitive environment among different types of schools. As the birth place of charter schools, Minnesota is a prime example of offering parent choice through open enrollment across school districts, and magnet schools within districts.

K-12 education systems that provide parent choice work best when accountability systems provide parents information about school quality and implement controls regarding program effectiveness. Day 2 will explore how parent choice and accountability in K-12 have worked in different parts of the country.

The morning session will begin with a presentation from, and Q&A with Brenda Casellius; Commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Education. This will be followed by presentations of recent evidence on the efficacies of existing policies. The afternoon will conclude with a panel discussion bringing together policy makers and practitioners to get a wider perspective of the constraints and challenges of implementing school choice and accountability policies.

Schools Choice and Accountability Policies in Minnesota

7:30 am
Continental Breakfast
8:00 am – 8:15 am
Morning Keynote
Brenda Cassellius, MN Department of Education
8:15 am – 9:00 am
Q&A Session with President Kashkari
Brenda Cassellius & Neel Kashkari
9:00 am – 9:15 am Break
9:15 am – 10:00 am
Can Successful Schools Replicate? Scaling Up Boston’s Charter School Sector
Sarah Cohodes, Columbia University
10:00 am – 10:45 am
What Explains Vietnam’s Exceptional Performance in Education Relative to Other Countries? Analysis of the 2012 and 2015 PISA Data
Paul Glewwe, University of Minnesota
10:45 am – 11:00 am Break
11:00 am – 11:30am
Empowering parents and students
Moderator: Ben Whitney, Great MN Schools
  • Ben Austin, Kids Coalition
11:45 am - 12:15 pm
12:15 pm – 1:15 pm
Lunch Keynote - School choice & accountability in practice
Moderator: Anusha Nath, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
  • Kara Arzamendia, Saint Paul Public Schools
  • Carrie Bakken, Avalon Charter School
  • John Gawarecki, Math and Science Academy
  • Colette Owens, Hiawatha Academies
1:15 pm – 1:30 pm
1:30 pm – 2:15 pm
Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
Steven Rivkin, University of Illinois at Chicago
2:15 pm – 3:00 pm
Teacher Performance and Accountability Incentives
Hugh Macartney, Duke University
3:00 pm – 3:15 pm
3:15 pm – 4:00 pm
The Effect of Private High School Entry On Stratification and Educational Achievement in India
Dennis Epple, Carnegie Mellon University
4:00 pm – 4:45 pm
School Effectiveness in Chicago and NYC: Regression Discontinuity Design Meets Market Design
Yusuke Narita, Yale University