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Consumer Price Index, 1913-

Historical data from the era of the modern U.S. consumer price index (CPI)

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) began collecting family expenditure data in 1917 and published its first price indexes for select cities in 1919. In 1921, the BLS published a national consumer price index (CPI), including estimates of the CPI back to 1913. The data and methods starting in 1913 are considered generally compatible through the present day; however, the Minneapolis Fed maintains a separate historical table that includes estimates prior to 1913.

The data below use 1983 as the index (1983=100). This chart uses data from the sole measure of CPI available until 1978, after which it reflects the CPI for all urban consumers (CPI-U). The current year’s inflation figures reflect the most recent quarterly data.

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You can use the Minneapolis Fed’s inflation calculator to instantly compare the buying power of past and present dollars. However, you can also use the Annual Average CPI numbers below (center column) to make manual calculations. To find out how much a price in Year 1 would be in Year 2 dollars:

Year 2 Price = Year 1 Price x (Year 2 CPI/Year 1 CPI)

Year Annual Average CPI(-U) Annual Percent Change
(rate of inflation)
1913
9.9
 
1914
10.0
1.3%
1915
10.1
0.9%
1916
10.9
7.7%
1917
12.8
17.8%
1918
15.0
17.3%
1919
17.3
15.2%
1920
20.0
15.6%
1921
17.9
-10.9%
1922
16.8
-6.2%
1923
17.1
1.8%
1924
17.1
0.4%
1925
17.5
2.4%
1926
17.7
0.9%
1927
17.4
-1.9%
1928
17.2
-1.2%
1929
17.2
0.0%
1930
16.7
-2.7%
1931
15.2
-8.9%
1932
13.6
-10.3%
1933
12.9
-5.2%
1934
13.4
3.5%
1935
13.7
2.6%
1936
13.9
1.0%
1937
14.4
3.7%
1938
14.1
-2.0%
1939
13.9
-1.3%
1940
14.0
0.7%
1941
14.7
5.1%
1942
16.3
10.9%
1943
17.3
6.0%
1944
17.6
1.6%
1945
18.0
2.3%
1946
19.5
8.5%
1947
22.3
14.4%
1948
24.0
7.7%
1949
23.8
-1.0%
1950
24.1
1.1%
1951
26.0
7.9%
1952
26.6
2.3%
1953
26.8
0.8%
1954
26.9
0.3%
1955
26.8
-0.3%
1956
27.2
1.5%
1957
28.1
3.3%
1958
28.9
2.7%
1959
29.2
1.08%
1960
29.6
1.5%
1961
29.9
1.1%
1962
30.3
1.2%
1963
30.6
1.2%
1964
31.0
1.3%
1965
31.5
1.6%
1966
32.5
3.0%
1967
33.4
2.8%
1968
34.8
4.3%
1969
36.7
5.5%
1970
38.8
5.8%
1971
40.5
4.3%
1972
41.8
3.3%
1973
44.4
6.2%
1974
49.3
11.1%
1975
53.8
9.1%
1976
56.9
5.7%
1977
60.6
6.5%
1978
65.2
7.6%
1979
72.6
11.3%
1980
82.4
13.5%
1981
90.9
10.3%
1982
96.5
6.1%
1983
99.6
3.2%
1984
103.9
4.3%
1985
107.6
3.5%
1986
109.6
1.9%
1987
113.6
3.7%
1988
118.3
4.1%
1989
124.0
4.8%
1990
130.7
5.4%
1991
136.2
4.2%
1992
140.3
3.0%
1993
144.5
3.0%
1994
148.2
2.6%
1995
152.4
2.8%
1996
156.9
2.9%
1997
160.5
2.3%
1998
163.0
1.6%
1999
166.6
2.2%
2000
172.2
3.4%
2001
177.1
2.8%
2002
179.9
1.6%
2003
184.0
2.3%
2004
188.9
2.7%
2005
195.3
3.4%
2006
201.6
3.2%
2007
207.3
2.9%
2008
215.3
3.8%
2009
214.5
-0.4%
2010
218.1
1.6%
2011
224.9
3.2%
2012
229.6
2.1%
 2013
233.0
1.5%
 2014
236.7
1.6%
 2015
237.0
0.1%
 2016
240.0
1.3%
 2017
245.1
2.1%
 2018
251.1
2.4%
 2019
255.7
1.8%
 2020
258.8
1.2%
 2021
271.0
4.7%
 2022*
294.4
8.6%

*An estimate for 2022 is based on the change in the CPI from first quarter 2021 to first quarter 2022.

More on inflation from the Minneapolis Fed