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A Nine Variable Probabilistic Macroeconomic Forecasting Model

Discussion Paper 14 | Published May 1, 1989

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Author

Christopher A. Sims

A Nine Variable Probabilistic Macroeconomic Forecasting Model

Abstract

This model extends one originally constructed by Robert Litterman in 1980 and used continuously since then to prepare quarterly forecasts. The current version is 3 variables larger than Litterman’s original model, and it now allows time variation in coefficients, predictable time variation in forecast error variance, and non-normality in disturbances. Despite this elaboration the model in a sense has just 12 parameters free to fit the behavior of 9 variables in 9 equations. The paper reports the model structure and summarizes some aspects of its recent forecasting performance.