Improvement in the Japanese economy boosted manufactured exports
from district states in 1995, while Canada remained the top export
destination. Overall, manufactured exports increased 13 percent
in 1995, close to the previous eight-year trend.
Exports to Asia strengthen
As the Japanese economy strengthened over the past year, manufactured
exports to Japan increased above trend in district states for 1995.
Although Japan represents only 8.4 percent of the region's total
manufactured exports, gains in 1995 meant $241 million in new exports
for district states.
Overall, exports to other parts of Asia showed steady growth. Manufactured
exports to newly industrialized countries in Asia, including Hong
Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan, doubled in South Dakota
and Montana, which primarily sent machinery and computer equipment,
chemicals and allied products, and electrical equipment. But North
Dakota exports to those countries decreased 15 percent last year.
Canada remains top destination
Canada remains the top destination for manufactured exports in all
district states. In 1995, one-third of the $18.4 billion of manufactured
exports from district states went to Canada. While exports to Canada
dropped slightly in North and South Dakota, they increased 20 percent
Exports to Europe, the second largest manufactured export destination,
grew last year in all states near or above trend, except Montana
where they decreased 9 percent.
Trade with Mexico, which represents under 3 percent of district
exports, increased 55 percent in Montana and 140 percent in North
Dakota in 1995, making Mexico that state's third largest manufactured
export destination. At the same time exports from Minnesota decreased
35 percent and from Wisconsin, 25 percent.
Machinery and computer equipment remains
largest export industry
Machinery and computer equipment, the largest export industry in
the district, grew 55 percent in South Dakota and 45 percent in
Montana in 1995. Food and kindred products increased faster than
trend in all states, except Minnesota where they decreased 2 percent.
The most significant gains were made in chemicals and allied products,
which nearly tripled in North Dakota and increased almost 70 percent
in Montana. These products were largely bound for Canada and Asia.