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Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return

March 1, 2003


photo of Arthur J. Rolnick

Arthur J. Rolnick Senior Vice President and Director of Research, 1985-2010

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no. 4 (September 2002): 999-1012.

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Farran, Dale C. "Another Decade of Intervention for Children Who Are Low Income or Disabled: What Do We Know Now?" In Handbook of Early Childhood Intervention, edited by Jack P. Shonkoff and Samuel J. Meisels, 510-548. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

"Head Start in Minnesota: Minnesota Head Start Annual Report," January 2000.

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McCullough, David. John Adams. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

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"Preschool for All: Investing in a Productive and Just Society." A statement by the Research and Policy Committee of the Committee for Economic Development, 2002.

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Schweinhart, Lawrence J. Significant Benefits: The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study Through Age 27. Ypsilanti, Michigan: High/Scope Press, 1993.

U.S. Department of Education. "Building Strong Foundations for Early Learning." Guide to High-Quality Early Childhood Education Programs (November 2000).

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photo of Rob Grunewald
Rob Grunewald
Regional Economic Analyst

Rob Grunewald is an economist with the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Grunewald conducts research on community development and regional economic issues. He co-authored “Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return” in 2003 and has written several subsequent articles on the economic and social impact of early learning. He frequently speaks to community and business leaders, policymakers, and media throughout the United States.

Grunewald has served on boards and advisory committees for organizations involved with early childhood development, including Think Small: Leaders in Early Learning, First Children’s Finance, and the Minnesota Visiting Nurse Agency. He is also a past president of the Minnesota Economic Association. He holds a bachelor’s degree in economics and religion from St. Olaf College and a master’s degree in applied economics from the University of Minnesota.