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Where the manufacturing jobs are

October 30, 2012


Where the manufacturing jobs are

It’s a common belief that there are no manufacturing jobs left in the United States, much less in sparsely populated places like the Dakotas.

Ratio mapThe data suggest otherwise. While the overall economy’s share of manufacturing jobs has been in decline for several decades, manufacturing still has a major presence in the Ninth District economy. That’s particularly the case in some district states, and even certain regions in the Dakotas and Montana, three states whose economies have historically depended more on agriculture and natural resource extraction than manufacturing.

Total mapAcross the 303 Ninth District counties, fully one-third have more manufacturing jobs (as a percentage of all jobs) than the national average of about 10 percent (see “Ratio” map). Thirty-seven counties have manufacturing job ratios above 20 percent—more than twice the national average. All of them are located between western Wisconsin and the eastern portion of the Dakotas. Seventeen counties have more than 5,000 manufacturing jobs, and Hennepin County (home to Minneapolis) has more manufacturing jobs than North and South Dakota combined (see “Total” map).

Change mapLast year was also a very good year for manufacturing employment growth (see “Change” map). The majority of district counties saw positive growth, and some saw extraordinary growth. A handful of counties in western North Dakota, for example, experienced double-digit manufacturing job growth last year, thanks to the voracious appetite for equipment used in the booming oil and gas industry in the Bakken oil shale formation.

photo of Ronald A. Wirtz
Ronald A. Wirtz
Editor, fedgazette

Ron Wirtz is a regional outreach director at the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Ron’s primary responsibilities involve tracking current business conditions, with a focus on employment and wages, along with sector-tracking in construction, real estate, consumer spending and tourism. In this role, Ron networks with local businesses in a six-state region, both in person and via various communication channels, and gathers other traditional and nontraditional sources of information to assess current business activity. Ron also gives customized speeches on regional economic activity, and handles advance planning for regular outreach trips to Ninth District communities by Bank President Neel Kashkari. Prior to this role, Ron was the long-time editor of the fedgazette, the Bank’s regional business and economics publication, where he conducted research on such topics as employment trends, health care pricing and consolidation, housing, entrepreneurship, public pensions, income mobility, the Bakken oil boom and other topics.