Staff Report 463

International Recessions

Fabrizio Perri | Assistant Director and Monetary Advisor
Vincenzo Quadrini

Published November 30, 2011

The 2007–2009 crisis was characterized by an unprecedented degree of international synchronization as all major industrialized countries experienced large macroeconomic contractions around the date of Lehman bankruptcy. At the same time countries also experienced large and synchronized tightening of credit conditions. We present a two-country model with financial market frictions where a credit tightening can emerge as a self-fulfilling equilibrium caused by pessimistic but fully rational expectations. As a result of the credit tightening, countries experience large and endogenously synchronized declines in asset prices and economic activity (international recessions). The model suggests that these recessions are more severe if they happen after a prolonged period of credit expansion.

Published In: American Economic Review (Vol. 108, No. 4/5, April 2018, pp. 935-984)

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