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About Us

Center for Indian Country Development

Our mission

Our mission is to support the prosperity of Native Nations through actionable research, policy development, and community collaboration.

Our vision

Leveraging research and relationships to unlock the full economic potential of Indian Country.


In the mid-1990s, the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis began reaching out to tribal communities in the Ninth District to develop relationships and gain an understanding of the District-wide financial barriers these tribal nations and members faced.

Early Minneapolis Fed efforts in Indian Country focused on legal infrastructure, such as the development of the Model Secured Transaction Act and tribal adoption of Uniform Commercial Codes, and the establishment of Indian Business Alliances in each of the states within the District. In 2015, the Minneapolis Fed established the Center for Indian Country Development (CICD) in a shift to a nationwide focus on addressing the financial needs and barriers in Indian Country. Early efforts of the newly formed CICD were on early childhood development, housing and homeownership, and education.

Starting in late 2020, the goals and direction of CICD shifted to a focus on strengthening tribal prosperity by bolstering tribal governments’ capacity to provide the public goods necessary for economic growth. By mitigating the structural barriers that limit tribal government revenues and constrain private sector development in Indian Country, CICD’s engagement and research address persistent and emerging tribal economic prosperity issues.

As a center of excellence within and resource for the Federal Reserve System, CICD serves as the System’s key connector and catalyst to Indian Country leaders and to policymakers at the federal, state, and tribal levels.

Strategic focus areas

Our objective is to support the capacity of tribal governments to accelerate economic prosperity and private sector growth by promoting the stability and robustness of tribal revenues.

To that end, our community collaboration, applied research, and policy engagement activities currently focus on:

  • Maximizing tribal enterprises’ contributions to tribal revenues
  • Optimizing tribal tax authority
  • Growing the efficacy of bond financing and tax credits
  • Informing the modernization of the Community Reinvestment Act
  • Mitigating the pandemic’s effect on Indian Country economies

Our tactics

We engage with tribal nations, communities, members, and organizations to understand their opportunities and challenges.

We analyze tribal economic data and research to generate usable information for practitioners and policymakers.

We influence decisionmakers to promote innovative practices and policies.

Measuring success

We measure our success by answering the following questions:

  • Have we advanced the depth and breadth of available tribal economic research to inform policy conversations?
  • Have we gained new or deeper connections, conversations, relationships, or understanding of our stakeholders that advance meaningful policy dialogue?
  • Have we helped improve policy decisions so they benefit Indian Country?