Skip to main content

Racism and the economy logo

Focus on the Economics Profession: Additional resources

The Racism and the Economy: Focus on the Economics Profession event examines the many ways that racism affects the people and practice of economics. This page collects resources from the Federal Reserve System and participating panelists that examine barriers to people of color entering and thriving in the economics profession. These resources also consider strategies to break down racist practices to achieve greater diversity, expand avenues of inquiry, and better inform public policy.

Jump to: Conference materials | The pipeline into economics | The practice of economics | Resources for students and early career economists | Professional organizations and resources

‹ Back to the Racism and the Economy series page

Conference materials

Conference Report

Discussion Guide

Building a racially inclusive economics profession takes leadership. We encourage you to attend the event and then continue the important conversation about the role of racism in economics with your colleagues, staff, or students. View the Discussion Guide for suggested questions to consider in your conversation.

Racism and the pipeline into economics

American Economic Association Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession Annual Report


AEA Professional Climate Survey: Final Report

Report | Sam Allgood, Lee Badgett, Amanda Bayer, Marianne Bertrand, Sandra E. Black, Nick Bloom, and Lisa D. Cook

Racism and the Pipeline into Economics: The Numbers

Presentation | Ebonya Washington

The Unequal Distribution of Economic Education: A Report on the Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Economics Majors at US Colleges and Universities

Working paper | Amanda Bayer and David Wilcox

How You Can Work to Increase the Presence and Improve the Experience of Black, Latinx, and Native American People in the Economics Profession

Journal article | Amanda Bayer, Gary Hoover, and Ebonya Washington

Strengthening Diversity and Inclusion in Economics

Speech transcript | Lael Brainard, Board of Governors

Best Practices in Mentoring Underrepresented Minority Women in Economics: An Introduction

Report | Judith Chevalier, Lisa D. Cook, India Johnson, Shelly Lundberg, Beronda Montgomery, Marie T. Mora, and Rosalynn Vega

How Gender and Racial Biases Are Hurting Economics

Podcast | Judith Chevalier, Lisa D. Cook, and Olivia S. Mitchell

It Was a Mistake for Me to Choose This Field

Column | Lisa D. Cook and Anna Gifty Opoku-Agyemann

Getting from Diversity to Inclusion in Economics

Brief | Mary C. Daly, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Increasing Diversity in Economics: From Students to Professors

Speech transcript | Loretta J. Mester, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

How the Fed Is Trying to Fix Its White Male Problem

Article | Jeanna Smialek, New York Times

Why Are There So Few Black Economists at the Fed?

Article | Jeanna Smialek, New York Times

Diversity and Balance in Federal Reserve Leadership

Testimony | William E. Spriggs

How Can Economics Solve Its Race Problem?

Webcast | American Economic Association

Increasing Diversity in Economics: From Students to Professors

Webcast | American Economic Association

Who Is Being Trained in Economics? The Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Economics Majors at U.S. Colleges and Universities

Interactive data | Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Racism and the Practice of Economics

A Teachable Moment? Will George Floyd’s Death Spur Change in Economics?

Article | William E. Spriggs

Are Emily and Greg More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination

Article | Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan

Simplicity Creates Inequality: Implications for Fairness, Stereotypes, and Interpretability

Working paper | Jon Kleinberg and Sendhil Mullainathan

William ‘Sandy’ Darity Jr. Interview: ‘If You Think Something’s the Right Thing to Do, Then You Pursue It

Interview | Douglas Clement, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Measuring Racism and Discrimination in Economic Data

Article | Randall Akee and Marcus Casey

Best Practices for Economists: Building a More Diverse, Inclusive, and Productive Profession

Brief | Amanda Bayer, ┼×ebnem Kalemli-Özcan, Rohini Pande, Cecilia Elena Rouse, Anthony A. Smith Jr., Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato, and David W. Wilcox

Resources for students and early career economists

Federal Reserve Research Assistant

The Fed is committed to developing a diverse workforce and an inclusive environment where all employees are respected and valued. To promote diversity in the Research Assistant position, the 12 Federal Reserve Banks and the Board of Governors launched fedeconjobs to highlight the important role RAs have. RAs develop quantitative analysis, critical thinking, and writing skills by working with Federal Reserve economists on research and policy analysis. Ask a question of a current RA, register for an event, and find job postings at

AEA Summer Training Program

The AEA Summer Training Program and Scholarship Program have increased diversity in the field of economics by preparing talented undergraduates for doctoral programs in economics and related disciplines. AEASP is a prestigious program that enables students to develop and solidify technical skills in preparation for the rigors of graduate studies.

AEA Mentoring Program

The program matches African American, Latinx, and Native American economics Ph.D. students and new doctorates with mentors in the field, and also facilitates networking between more senior economists and students at all stages of the educational and early-career pipeline.

AEA Summer Fellows Program

Summer economics fellowships are available to senior graduate students and junior faculty. During their residency, fellows participate as members of the research community while engaged in a research project of their own choosing. Fellows will be mentored by experienced economists both on scientific issues, and career issues such as negotiating publications, the job market, and advancement strategies.

NBER’s Career Resources

The National Bureau of Economic Research offers engagement opportunities for students interested in economics and for professional economists at all stages of their careers. The NBER also maintains lists of full-time job positions at the NBER and on research projects led by NBER-affiliated researchers that may be suitable for bachelor's degree candidates, graduate students, or post-docs.

Professional organizations and resources

Diversifying Economic Quality

Sponsored by the American Economic Association Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession, this site offers instructors and departments inclusive, innovative, and evidence-based teaching practices in economics to increase diversity and inclusion.

Diversifying Economics Speakers

Seminar leaders are encouraged to consult this database, sponsored by the American Economic Association Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession, to ensure diverse representation among invited speakers.

The Sadie Collective

Named for the first African-American to earn a PhD in economics in the United States, the Sadie Collective addresses the pipeline and pathway problem for Black Women in economics and related fields. Visit their website to join or register for their conferences.

AEA’s Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession

The committee works to increase the representation of minorities in the economics profession, primarily by broadening opportunities for the training of underrepresented minorities.

National Economic Association

The NEW promotes the professional lives of minorities within the profession and the production of knowledge of economic issues that are of exceptional interest to promoting economic growth among native and immigrant African Americans, Latinos, and other people of color.

American Society of Hispanic Economists (ASHE)

ASHE is a professional association of economists who are concerned with the under-representation of Hispanic Americans in the economics profession. Their goals include promoting the vitality of Hispanics in the economics profession, promoting rigorous research on economic and policy issues affecting U.S. Hispanic communities and the nation as a whole, and engaging more Hispanic Americans to effectively participate in the economics profession.

Association for Economic Research of Indigenous Peoples

The group is a professional association of economists, political scientists, sociologists, policy practitioners, and others who are interested in economic research related to Indigenous peoples across the globe.

Women’s Institute for Science, Equity, and Race

WISER’s mission is to expand women-focused policy research to include the social, economic, cultural, and political well-being of Asian, Black, Hispanic, Indigenous American, and Multiracial women.