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Sophisticated Monetary Policies

Staff Report 419 | Published June 3, 2009

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Patrick J. Kehoe Monetary Advisor
V. V. Chari Consultant
Andrew Atkeson Consultant
Sophisticated Monetary Policies


In standard approaches to monetary policy, interest rate rules often lead to indeterminacy. Sophisticated policies, which depend on the history of private actions and can differ on and off the equilibrium path, can eliminate indeterminacy and uniquely implement any desired competitive equilibrium. Two types of sophisticated policies illustrate our approach. Both use interest rates as the policy instrument along the equilibrium path. But when agents deviate from that path, the regime switches, in one example to money; in the other, to a hybrid rule. Both lead to unique implementation, while pure interest rate rules do not. We argue that adherence to the Taylor principle is neither necessary nor sufficient for unique implementation with pure interest rate rules but is sufficient with hybrid rules. Our results are robust to imperfect information and may provide a rationale for empirical work on monetary policy rules and determinacy.

A previous version was published as [Working Paper 659] ( "Working Paper 659").
Published in: _Quarterly Journal of Economics_ (Vol. 125, No. 1, February 2010, pp. 47-89)